Abstract of Dissertation

Agency : Adolescent, Adolescent Education Program, Evaluation

Objective : The overall objective of this study is (i) to determine the level of functionality that AEPs have been able to achieve in Chandigarh. (ii) To evaluate the knowledge and behavior related to HIV health care among the target population. (iii) To assess the attitude and perception of the teachers about AEP program.

Background : Adolescent Education Program (AEP) is one such program that has been implemented pan India with the specific objective of creating a health enabling social environment among adolescents in order to reduce the HIV prevalence. The program is aimed at building up the life skills of adolescents to cope with the physical and psychological changes associated with growing up. This program was first implemented in Chandigarh 2009-10 and currently it is operational in 119 schools. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the implementation of AEPs across Chandigarh and understand the influence AEPs have had on the adolescents in Chandigarh.

Methodology : Two stage cluster sampling technique used for the selection of students to be surveyed. 30 schools were selected randomly from the sampling frame of 119 schools, after that from selected schools randomly 7 students were selected for the study. From each selected school one teacher in charge is also selected for the study.

Findings : 210 students were surveyed – 7 students across 30 schools. Sample included 105 girls and 105 boys. Awareness levels regarding mensuration were low among boys at government schools compared to boys at private schools In a public place, students were more likely to confront the harasser rather than depend on external support. The preferred option was to complain and insist on action to be taken against the harasser. The sample is exposed to all transmission modes of HIV with the dominant mode being sexual activity. It was found that boys are more sexually active than girls in the government urban schools. It was found that girls are more likely to receive information from peer educators at schools, while boys were more likely to gather information from the internet. Students are not completely aware regarding the modes of HIV transmission. Knowledge levels among students at private schools were higher than the average.59% of the sample was aware of testing facilities available at the Govt. Multispecialty Hospital in Sector 16 and 74% were aware of testing facilities at PGI. Less than 40% of the students were aware that drug addiction results in an increase in appetite and in the slurring of speech. Only 57% of the schools implement the Adolescent Education Program. This is low when compared to the number of schools implementing the environment program and the school health program. Only 10% of the nodal teachers trained have received refresher training. Only 27% of the schools reported existing and functional Peer Educators Clubs 81% of students in Class IX and 57% of the students in Class XI participated in AEP programs in the last academic session. Of the 12 themes covered under the AEP program, sessions on HIV/AIDS have been implemented the least. More than 50% of the schools do not have any records to the different monitoring formats and documentation. Less than 25% of the schools have access to some monitoring formats that are well maintained.57% of teachers and 33% of parents find the program to be very useful. Only 3% of parents consider this program to be a ‘waste of time’