Abstract of Dissertation

Agency : MNCHN; Maternal Newborn Child Health and Nutrition; UHND; Urban Health Nutrition Day; HUP; Health of the Urban Poor; ASHA; Accredited Social Health Activist

Maternal Newborn Child health and Nutrition (MNCHN) Services are provided in HUP slums on the platform of Urban Health Nutrition Day UHND with the help of link worker, Urban Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), Anganwadi worker and other health staffs who are generally female. Social norms limit their ability to discuss with men on maternal, child health and nutrition. Security concern limits them to tend to emergency. However, the evidence shows that men who are well-informed about their health are more likely to make better health choices for themselves, their partners, and their families than men who lack this knowledge. Traditionally men have played an important role in the family. They had a final say in most of the family decisions. Male involvement in Maternal, Newborn Child Health and Nutrition (MNCHN) Services has not been given the attention that it deserves. Steps are needed to empower men to make well-informed health decisions and engage them in maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition services. With appropriate support and information most men will seek MNCHN services and proactively participate in informed health decision-making to the benefit of their partners, children and themselves. The present study was conducted in the urban slums of Jaipur district to understand the knowledge and participation of men in MNCHN services, residing in urban slums of Jaipur. Three HUP slums were chosen from Jawahar Nagar area of Jaipur district, Rajasthan. More than half of the respondents have heard of the MNCHN services, but respondents lack knowledge about the services and major issues of maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition was low. Awareness activities for MNCHN done in Community are not reaching to male residents. Two-third of the respondents preferred private health facilities for child’s birth. Neither government, nor private partners could address the knowledge among male residents for MNCHN. Only one fourth of the women said to have discussed about MNCHN services with men. Participation of less than one fourth of the male respondents among the respondents who have heard of MNCHN suggests of low participation. Interventions are needed to address knowledge and participation of males in MNCHN Services, residing in urban slums of Jaipur.