Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : KAP Assessment; Iron Folic Acid Syrup; Under 5 Children; Anemia; Public Health Problem;

Objective : . To assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among mothers regarding IFA syrup consumption in under 5 children, at Vidisha district, Madhya Pradesh. 2. Find out the barriers in IFA syrup consumption among U5 children.

Background : Anemia is a significant public health problem, that occurs worldwide in both developing and developed countries The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that globally, 1.62 billion people are anemic, with the highest prevalence of anemia (47.4%) among preschool-aged children; of these 293 million children, 89 million live in India. “Iron Deficiency Anemia is a low blood level of iron.it is usually related to increased iron requirements during raid growth periods and a low intake of dietary iron. Alleviating childhood iron-deficiency anemia is a public-health priority, as anemia is associated with impaired cognitive and psychomotor development. With the aim of reducing the burden of the prevalence of anemia Government of India had introduced several health programs and further on came up with modification according to the need of the outcome. Ministry of health and family welfare, Goal in 2013 launched National Iron Plus Initiative (NIPI) as a comprehensive strategy to combat the public health challenge of iron deficiency anemia prevalent, across the life cycle, as iron deficiency contributes more than 55% of anemia in our country. Therefore, according to the new policy of NIPI, the recommendations are as follows: Guidelines for iron supplementation to children six to sixty months of age: 1.Bi. weekly 1 ml IFA syrup containing 20mg of elemental iron and 100 mcg of folic acid 2. The IFA bottles should have an auto dispenser so the only 1ml of syrup will be dispensed at a time.

Methodology : The rationale of the study: According to NFHS 4, in Madhya Pradesh anemia prevalence rate among children under 5 years is68.9% (Rural-66.3%, Urban -69.9%), wherein Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh its concern ably higher,69.8%. According to a study conducted by National Institute of Nutrition, 2011, In Vidisha District of Madhya Pradesh, the coverage for iron-folic acid supplement was 36% in under 5 children. With this background, the present study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice and barriers of the beneficiaries regarding IFA syrup consumption among children under the age group of 5 years in Vidisha district, Madhya Pradesh.