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A Study on Control Measures of Hospital Acquired Infection in Intensive Care Unit


  • Suhasini
  • Agency : Hospital Acquired Infection, Intensive Care Unit, Infection Control, ICU
  • Objective : The main objectives is to study the physical facilities available for infection control in intensive care unit and also the existing infection control procedures used in the intensive care unit .
  • Background : Hospital acquired infection creates a major problem to the patient admitted to the hospital as well as to health care personnel, affecting the reputation of hospital and making unnecessary cost to patient during the course of treatment.
  • Methodology : The research approach adopted in the study was descriptive method. It includes collection of information regarding infection control procedures and its measures and also existing physical facilities available for infection control through questionnaires, studying relevant record maintained in ICU. The required data is collected from nurses, doctors, hospital nursing assistance, staff of central sterile supply department who are responsible for supplying sterile items to medical intensive care unit and the, housekeeping staff who work in medical intensive care unit.
  • Findings : Result show that current physical facilities available for infection control are satisfactory and meet the ISI standard, but the existing infection control measures practiced in ICU are poor. No standard operating manual is maintained in ICU. Culture studies of swabs from ICU floor / equipment are done. Bacteriological testing of water is done but bacteriological testing of air is not done. No antibiotic policy is available No protocol is followed for wearing gloves
  • Recommendations : Strict adherence to standard infection control procedures need to be taken under consideration and existing infection control measures in ICU needs improvement and up-gradation.
to study the physical facilities available for infection control in intensive care unit and also the existing infection control procedures used in the intensive care unit