A Study on Control Measures of Hospital Acquired Infection in Intensive Care Unit
Agency : Hospital Acquired Infection, Intensive Care Unit, Infection Control, ICU
Objective : The main objectives
is to study the physical
facilities available for infection control in intensive care unit and
also the existing infection control
procedures used in the intensive care unit .
Background : Hospital acquired
infection creates a major problem
to the patient admitted
to the hospital as well as to health care personnel,
affecting the reputation of hospital and making unnecessary cost to patient during
the course of treatment.
Methodology : The research approach adopted in the study was descriptive method. It includes
collection of information regarding infection
control procedures and its measures
and also existing
physical facilities available for infection control through
questionnaires, studying relevant record maintained in ICU.
The required data is collected from
nurses, doctors, hospital nursing
assistance, staff of central sterile
supply department who are responsible for supplying sterile items to medical
intensive care unit and the, housekeeping staff
who work in medical intensive care unit.
Findings : Result show that
current physical facilities available for infection control are satisfactory
and meet the ISI standard, but the existing infection control measures
practiced in ICU are poor. No
standard operating manual is maintained in ICU. Culture studies of swabs from ICU floor / equipment
are done. Bacteriological testing of water is done but bacteriological testing
of air is not done.
No antibiotic policy is available No protocol is followed for wearing gloves
Recommendations : Strict adherence
to standard infection
control procedures need to be taken
under consideration and existing infection control measures in ICU needs improvement and up-gradation.
to study the physical facilities available for infection control in intensive care unit and also the existing infection control procedures used in the intensive care unit