A Study on the Bio-Medical Waste Management
- Priyanka Sharma
- Agency : Biomedical Waste, Waste Management, BMW Handling Rules
- Objective : The main objective of the study was to understand the process followed in managing the bio-medical waste against the BMW Management and Handling Rules (1998) of Government of India in tertiary care hospital. Apart from studying the Bio- Medical Waste Management Process, the project also tried to assess the level of awareness about the BMWM, among the hospital staff and bottle necks while managing BMW
- Background : The Bio-medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 were notified under the Environment Protection Act, 1986 by the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Govt. of India on 20th July 1998. The rule regulates the disposal of biomedical wastes and lays down the procedures for collection, treatment and disposal and standards to be complied with.
- Methodology : The study was of a descriptive type and was based on the observations made in the hospital, checklist provided by NRHM, and bio-medical records in the hospital. Awareness among the staff was assessed using a questionnaire. The checklist and the observations were filled during the visits to the departments in the hospital.
- Findings : The required resources for the BMWM were present in the Hospital. However, it was observed that the protective gears were not properly used by the staff. The process of segregating the waste was not appropriate in many deopartments in spite of the awareness among the staff on Bio-medical Waste Management, as they were trained. The waste collection bags were not closed properly due to unavailability of means.
- Recommendations : Based on the results it was recommended that it should be made mandatory for the staff to wear the protective gears while handling waste. The supplies for the waste collection bags should be changed with new specifications so that they can be closed properly before being disposed off. The Ward In- charge should check periodically to ensure that proper segregation takes place. Staff should be encouraged to put into practice their knowledge about BMWM.