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Bed Utilization in General Hospital at Gujarat


  • Shikha Jain
  • Agency : Bed Utilization, General Hospital, Health Care Expenditure
  • Objective : The study on the bed utilization was conducted in the district hospital at Gujarat. The general objectives of this study is to identify the various procedures at the Outpatient, Inpatient and Para clinical services as well as to investigate the possible operational problems those are leading to low bed utilization.
  • Background : A hospital is an economic institution with a significant social role in the community. It is not possible to discuss problems in medical and health care intelligently without reference to hospitals what they are, what they do, and how they do it. Economics of the hospital sector has often received wide attention because it has been the major consumer of the health care expenditure accounting for about 40- 60% of gross health care expenditure. Therefore it is essential to ensure that services provide an excellent experience for customers i.e. the patients.
  • Methodology : The primary data was collected help of qualitative as well as quantitative research techniques. In total 60 patients (40 out patients and 20 in patients), 5 doctors and 5 nurses from various specialties were interviewed. The secondary data comprised of last one year monthly report of indicators of general hospital .
  • Findings : The study brought out the fact that overall bed occupancy rate was low (about 30-40%) which   is low compared to ideal bed occupancy rate of   70-80%. Various reasons like patientís lack of knowledge about hospital functioning, lack of proper signage, lack of confidentiality, respect and dignity of the patient, lesser OPD timings etc lead to dissatisfaction among patients.
  • Recommendations : The low bed occupancy rate in the district hospital can be improved by capacity building, planning for hospital budget, and revision of OPD timings, improving internal communication and strengthening of security services at the hospital campus. Thus a well organized and professionally run hospital not only can help in avoiding confusion, frustration and dissatisfaction by fearful patients but can also manage the flow of inpatients to the hospitals, thus improving bed utilization.
The study on the bed utilization was conducted in the district hospital at Gujarat. The general objectives of this study is to identify the various procedures at the Outpatient