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Study on Risk Factors of HIV/AIDSs Among Migrant Males from Different States

  • Vikas Maroti
  • Agency : Migrant, HIV, Sex worker, Condom, IEC
  • Objective : The objectives of the study are to identify significant risk factors, such as sexual and other risk behavior, which increase the chances of contracting disease; to compare HIV/STI risk factors among male migrants from different states and to do KAP of male migrants from different states that put them at increased risk of HIV/STI.
  • Background : Not Available
  • Methodology :
  • Findings : The sample represents a heterogeneous group of people of the area in terms of their migratory status, socio-demography characteristics and behavior. A little less than one-thirds of them were from West Bengal. About 20 percent of the participants were from Uttar Pradesh and 15 percent were from other states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra. Over half of the participants (61%) were in a highly productive and sexually active age group (18-25). The method-specific use rate shows that condom usage was on top, followed by sterilization. The proportion having a formal education was higher for migrants from West Bengal and Other states. Alcohol use was a common habit among a large number of the study participants. More than 25 percent of the participants ever had sexual contact with sex workers. The involvement in this behavior during last one year was relatively higher for migrants from Orissa and other states, but as for the condom use during intercourse with sex workers, West Bengal has higher proportion. The migration-specific differential shows that the migrants from Orissa and West Bengal were highly aware of the illnesses (>92%). Over 90 percent of the participants reported that with the use of condoms they could protect themselves from being infected with the illnesses. Nearly 90% of the participants were exposed to some of the IEC materials related to HIV/STDs. The level of exposure to these materials was higher for migrants from West Bengal and Orissa (>96%) than for migrants from Uttar Pradesh (78%) and Bihar (84%). The types of IEC materials they were exposed to included radio, television, newspapers, NGO/INGO fieldworkers, posters.
  • Recommendations :
the study are to identify significant risk factors, such as sexual and other risk behavior