Assessing the Knowledge of Aaganwadi Workers regarding Growth Monitoring of children between 0-5 Years of Age
Agency : Aaganwadi Workers, Growth Monitoring, Children 0-5 Years of Age, Vadodara
Objective : The
purpose of this study was to assess the knowledgeof aaganwadi workers
regarding growth monitoring of children between 0-5 years of age and to find
the motivation level and factors affecting it.
Background : According to a report
of UNICEF, 47% of India'schildren below the age of three are
malnourished, which is approximately 60 million out of a global estimated total
of 146 million. The growth charts can prove to be an effective way to monitor
the growth of the children and hence pre detecting the probability of
malnourishment. AWWs prove to be a strong functionary in the ICDS program who
delivers services to the community and hence assessing the knowledge of AWWs
becomes necessary. If they are discontent and as a result have low motivation
then this would probably affect their job performance ultimately resulting in
high morbidity and mortality rates. Therefore it is important to know the
reason of their low motivation and plan out the solution accordingly.
Methodology : The study done is an
observationaland cross sectional study. Two questionnaires separately
for knowledge assessment and motivation level were developed with 33 and 23
questions respectively which comprised of closed ended questions. 50 AWWs were
randomly selected from 17 urban health centers.
Findings : The
findings showed that the level of maintenanceof growth charts was poor
i.e. only 46% of the workers maintained the registers and growth charts. The
knowledge of the workers in plotting weights accurately came out to be 78% and
interpretation of growth curves was 100%. The factors affecting their
motivation were unsupportive nature of community, lack of supervision &
training and irregular sessions of performance evaluation.
conduct IMNCI is the need of the hour. Later refresher training can be
Regular meetings with medical officers should be conducted. This will help in
solving the problems faced by workers.
Home visits by
ANMs/Supervisors: This will help in building relationship with the community
they are working in. Slowly this will help in creating trust on workers by the
The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge of aaganwadi workers regarding growth monitoring of children between 0-5 years of age and to find the motivation level and factors affecting it.