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Assessment of Current Capacities of Nursing Educational Institutions in Public Sector


  • Aseema Mahunta
  • Agency : Nursing Educational Institutions, Public Sector, NRHM
  • Objective : To assess the current capacities (public sector) of Nursing Educational institutions across 5 states (Odisha, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, and Chhattisgarh) and feasibilitiy to meet the short fall of nurses. Identify innovative strategies and good practices with regard to development and management of nurse workforce.


  • Background : A shortage of Nurses has existed for decades and it is a matter of concern. Despite a growing supply of registered nurses in absolute numbers, the relative inadequate supply of nurses has had a dramatic impact in recent years on patients and health care systems as well as in economic and social development worldwide. With few exceptions, nurse shortage of Nurses is present in all regions and constitute a priority concern (ICN 2004). This study focused on the Nursing workforce across 5 EAG states which include Bihar; Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand to identify the availability, shortfall and requirement of Nurses. It also assesses the current capacity of nursing educational institutions available to cater to this shortfall and to draft recommendations which may be of importance to public health services providers, available in all health facilities and outreach areas and competent nurses.


  • Methodology : The study used integrated research approach with qualitative and quantitative methods and data collection through various secondary resources like published papers, RHS data, INC data, MIS data, IPHS norms etc. The study used norms set by IPHS, INC and other norms of Government of India for calculating the requirements


  • Findings : The findings of the study were (1) Gross shortfall of nursing personnels at all the health facilities, (2) Non-availability of critical public health care mainly due to lack of Human resource (PHNs and DPHNOs, (3) Vacancies in the existing posts due to non-recruitment for several years, (4) Inadequate training opportunities and delays in promotions etc. This necessitates enhanced commitment and sustained administrative support to meet the nursing needs at all levels of health facilities and teaching institutions. Nursing cadres, posts and career progressions are in-adequately defined. Nursing management structures are weak at the State, District and sub-division levels with limited scope for professional development of nursing cadres.


  • Recommendations : The Government of India recognized that the availability of human resources in rural areas “is one of the serious challenges faced by the National Rural Health Mission” (Official Communication, GOI, 2006) and stated, “a possible solution to this problem, would be to encourage the selection, recruitment, training and placement of nurses in a big way by the states. In fact, it would be desirable to constitute a Nursing Cadre by all States, so that their selection, training, placement, career progression etc. could be taken up in a systematic manner.


To assess the current capacities (public sector) of Nursing Educational institutions across 5 states (Odisha, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, and Chhattisgarh) and feasibilitiy to meet the short fall of nurses.