Awareness of Thyroid Disorders among students of Institute of Health Management and Research, Jaipur
- Mukta Tyagi
- Agency : Thyroid Disorders, IIHMR Students
- Objective :
- To assess awareness of thyroid disorders among students of 2010-12 batch of IIHMR, Jaipur and to assess the level of awareness by their sex and basic qualification
- To assess the magnitude of the problem.
- To suggest ways for creating awareness of thyroid disorders amongst target population
- Background : Thyroid gland is
important for the growth and development of body tissues. Over activity
or under activity of the gland can lead to health problems. The global
prevalence of thyroid disorder is more than 2 billion with approximately 40
million in India. Rising burden of disease and multiple manifestations
occurring due to delay in diagnosis and treatment of the disorder calls for a
need of conducting such a study. These multiple manifestations in the young
population can be infertility, depression and nervousness leading to large
number of population to be infertile and thus in turn further increasing the
psychological disorders in the population.
- Methodology : Primary and secondary data was used in the study. Data was coded and entered into Microsoft Excel and SPSS 12. Frequencies, percentages and cross-tabulations were used to analyze the data. Chi-square test was applied to test the significance of difference among males & females and medicos & non-medicos.
- Findings : Awareness
amongst the medical fraternity was of a considerate level but amongst
non–medicos who mainly represent the common masses was on a lower side.
Prevalence of thyroid disorder was found to be 2.8 which marks the existence of
the disease as a grave danger in terms of economical and social well-being of
the society. On being asked the respondents about their suggestions to deal
with the problem, information, education and communication emerged as one of
the key areas for creating awareness of thyroid disorders.
- Recommendations : Based on the
findings, it is recommended that the IIHMR students can learn the
differences between symptoms, risk factors and complications during the
Epidemiology module. In the Communication module, a group of students may plan
their group work on the issue. Students may be addressed or a discussion may be
organized with the students in the presence of expert on thyroid disorders on
any Saturday/Sunday. Once the health/ hospital/ pharmaceutical management
students are aware of, they may further spread the messages through word of