Objective : The objective of this study was:
To identify the communities current knowledge
levels of the
effects and management of ARI.
Background : A
study was carried out in urban slums ofBhubaneshwer district of Orissa
to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and Practice of mothers towards respiratory
infection in their children under the age of five years.
Methodology : In
this cross-sectional study, 100 mothers were selected bynon probability
convenient sampling from slums of Bhubaneshwer and interviewed. Using SPSS
software, descriptive statistics were applied to summarize the demographic data
and the data regarding the mothers' knowledge, attitude and practice towards
respiratory infection in their children.
Findings : Not Available
Recommendations : Not Available
About 98% mothers
reported that they knew whatrespiratory infection is. Approximately 40%
of mothers said that pollution has an impact on infection. Most mothers didn't
have the knowledge of effect of indoor temperature, humidity and air movement.
A majority (54%) indicates that respiratory infection is caused by weather
change. Almost 25% believed that cold temperature is a reason while only 19%
believed that lack of parental care causes the disease. More than 25% picked
rapid breathing (pasli chalna) from a list of possible signs and symptoms of respiratory
infection and 81% said that they were ready to take their child to the doctor
if they thought their child had respiratory disease. Family members, Neighbors
and doctor/nurse were the major source of information for about 36%, 20% and
14% mothers respectively. Majority i.e. about 71% mothers didn't know about
antibiotic use.86% said that prevention of respiratory infection is possible
and 42% believed that consultation with doctor is a best method of prevention.
Nearly half of them told that they feel difficulty in accessing treatment and
most of them found financial problem a major barrier in accessing treatment.
The objective of this study was: To identify the communities current knowledge levels of the cause, effects and management of ARI.