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KAP of Mothers towards Respiratory Tract Infection in their Children under the Age of Five Years

  • Paras Gupta
  • Agency : Acute Respiratory Infection, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Respiratory Tract infection
  • Objective : The objective of this study was:  To identify the communities current knowledge levels of the   cause, effects and management of ARI.

  • Background : A study was carried out in urban slums of Bhubaneshwer district of Orissa to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and Practice of mothers towards respiratory infection in their children under the age of five years.

  • Methodology : In this cross-sectional study, 100 mothers were selected by non probability convenient sampling from slums of Bhubaneshwer and interviewed. Using SPSS software, descriptive statistics were applied to summarize the demographic data and the data regarding the mothers' knowledge, attitude and practice towards respiratory infection in their children.

  • Findings : Not Available
  • Recommendations :
    Not Available


    About 98% mothers reported that they knew what respiratory infection is. Approximately 40% of mothers said that pollution has an impact on infection. Most mothers didn't have the knowledge of effect of indoor temperature, humidity and air movement. A majority (54%) indicates that respiratory infection is caused by weather change. Almost 25% believed that cold temperature is a reason while only 19% believed that lack of parental care causes the disease. More than 25% picked rapid breathing (pasli chalna) from a list of possible signs and symptoms of respiratory infection and 81% said that they were ready to take their child to the doctor if they thought their child had respiratory disease. Family members, Neighbors and doctor/nurse were the major source of information for about 36%, 20% and 14% mothers respectively. Majority i.e. about 71% mothers didn't know about antibiotic use.86% said that prevention of respiratory infection is possible and 42% believed that consultation with doctor is a best method of prevention. Nearly half of them told that they feel difficulty in accessing treatment and most of them found financial problem a major barrier in accessing treatment.

The objective of this study was: To identify the communities current knowledge levels of the cause, effects and management of ARI.