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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning and Knowledge Regarding STD's/AIDS Among Adults of Age 18-35 in Sawai Madhopur


  • Abhay Sharma
  • Agency : Family Planning, AIDS, STDs, Sawai Madhopur, Contraceptive Methods
  • Objective : To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of FP among people between the age of 18 and 35 years living in Sawai Madhopur and to access the knowledge regarding STDs/AIDS among the adults between the ages 18-35 living in Sawai Madhopur. Along with this, to also study the various co-relative factors responsible for the awareness of family planning.


  • Background : While real progress has been made in improving access and availability to family planning in different parts of India, the unmet needs continue to grow, unplanned pregnancies are still more in number, total fertility rate is also not declining, and in addition to that family planning is not included in the list of priorities by public and private organizations. So the present study was designed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning as well as knowledge regarding STDs/AIDS among people between the age of 18-35 years, group of living in Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan.


  • Methodology : The present study was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out from February 2012 to May 2012. In an a Hundred respondents, both men as well as women between the age of 18 35 years were interviewed using a pre designed pre tested, structured performa (questionnaire). The City was divided into four different parts, and areas chosen were thickly populated. The samples were selected using purposive sampling. In each dense area out of four, twenty five respondents were selected purposefully. Data collected was entered into ms excel and help was taken in interpreting the result. All the necessary measures were applied to interpret the result.


  • Findings : Final results showed that overall attitude towards family planning were fairly good as 97 percent of the respondents were in the favour of family planning concept. Knowledge about family planning methods was not as good as it was expected to be. Only 77 percent people were aware of all the five methods of family planning. Source of information for family planning was mainly media, as told by them. Condom was the best choice of method among them, with 78 percent of total methods practiced. Among permanent methods of family planning, tubectomy was the choice of method practiced. Total ratio of temporary to permanent methods was 10: 9. 29 percent of the respondents were not using any method of family planning. Knowledge regarding AIDS/STDs was good as there were 96 percent respondents who had heard the term STDs/AIDS. Out of these 96 percent were familiar with the term AIDS where as knowledge regarding other STDs was very poor as 8% were aware of term syphilis and 2 percent each were aware of the terms gonorrhoea and herpes. Major source of knowledge was still media either in the form of newspaper or magazine or in the form of TV and radio.


  • Recommendations : Increase awareness of terminology of disease and family planning methods. Electronic media is a better choice as this is more popularly and frequently used media.


To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of FP among people between the age of 18 and 35 years living in Sawai Madhopur and to access the knowledge regarding STDs/AIDS among the adults between the ages 18-35 living in Sawai Madhopur.