Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning and Knowledge Regarding STD's/AIDS Among Adults of Age 18-35 in Sawai Madhopur
Agency : Family Planning, AIDS, STDs, Sawai Madhopur, Contraceptive Methods
Objective : To
assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of FPamong people between
the age of 18 and 35 years living in Sawai Madhopur and to access the knowledge
regarding STDs/AIDS among the adults between the ages 18-35 living in Sawai
Madhopur. Along with this, to also study the various co-relative factors
responsible for the awareness of family planning.
Background : While real progress
has been made in improving accessand availability to family planning in
different parts of India, the unmet needs continue to grow, unplanned
pregnancies are still more in number, total fertility rate is also not
declining, and in addition to that family planning is not included in the list
of priorities by public and private organizations. So the present study was
designed to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning
as well as knowledge regarding STDs/AIDS among people between the age of 18-35
years, group of living in Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan.
Methodology : The present study was
a cross sectional descriptivestudy carried out from February 2012 to
May 2012. In an a Hundred respondents, both men as well as women between the
age of 18 – 35 years were interviewed using a pre designed pre tested,
structured performa (questionnaire). The City was divided into four different
parts, and areas chosen were thickly populated. The samples were selected using
purposive sampling. In each dense area out of four, twenty five respondents
were selected purposefully. Data collected was entered into ms excel and help
was taken in interpreting the result. All the necessary measures were applied
to interpret the result.
Findings : Final results showed
that overall attitude towards familyplanning were fairly good as 97
percent of the respondents were in the favour of family planning concept.
Knowledge about family planning methods was not as good as it was expected to
be. Only 77 percent people were aware of all the five methods of family
planning. Source of information for family planning was mainly media, as told
by them. Condom was the best choice of method among them, with 78 percent of
total methods practiced. Among permanent methods of family planning, tubectomy
was the choice of method practiced. Total ratio of temporary to permanent
methods was 10: 9. 29 percent of the respondents were not using any method of
family planning. Knowledge regarding AIDS/STDs was good as there were 96
percent respondents who had heard the term STDs/AIDS. Out of these 96 percent
were familiar with the term AIDS where as knowledge regarding other STDs was
very poor as 8% were aware of term syphilis and 2 percent each were aware of
the terms gonorrhoea and herpes. Major source of knowledge was still media
either in the form of newspaper or magazine or in the form of TV and radio.
Recommendations : Increase awareness of
terminology of diseaseand family planning methods. Electronic media is
a better choice as this is more popularly and frequently used media.
To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of FP among people between the age of 18 and 35 years living in Sawai Madhopur and to access the knowledge regarding STDs/AIDS among the adults between the ages 18-35 living in Sawai Madhopur.