Objective : To
determine the prevalence and variousdeterminants of substance abuse
among male slum adolescents and suggest research based preventive measures at
the community level.
Background : This
study attempts to describe the prevalence ofsubstance use (focused on
tobacco and alcohol) and its determinants among male slum adolescents. A
community based cross sectional study was carried out among 125 adolescents
(aged 15-19 years) selected via systematic random sampling at Sarai Basti slum
area of South Delhi for a period of 3 months from February 2012 to May 2012.
Verbal informed consent was obtained from the study subjects before the
conduction of the study.
Methodology : Not Available
Findings : The prevalence of tobacco use was 17.6%
(prevalence oftobacco use was 38.8% and prevalence of alcohol use was
20%) among male slum adolescents. Average age of initiation of tobacco and
alcohol product use was 14.8 and 16.4 years respectively. There
age-gradient increases in substance use (P< 0.001). There was significant
association between substance use by any family member (P<0.002), education
status of parents and substance use by respondents. Peer pressure was the main
inducing factor for initiation (88.9 percent).
Recommendations : Dissemination of
clear, unambiguous messagethat substance abuse is dangerous for health,
and school based education programmes concerning substance use should begin at
an early age to develop personal and social skills, before a significant
proportion of adolescents begin to leave school.
health education programmes, targeting community leaders and parents, need to
be developed to counter the high level of tolerance towards adolescent tobacco
consumption and drinking in slum communities.
To determine the prevalence and various determinants of substance abuse among male slum adolescents and suggest research based preventive measures at the community level.