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Prevalence of Substance Abuse among Male Slum Adolescents


  • Narender Jangra
  • Agency : Adolescents, Alcohol, Peer Pressure, Prevalence, Substance use, Tobacco
  • Objective : To determine the prevalence and various determinants of substance abuse among male slum adolescents and suggest research based preventive measures at the community level.



  • Background : This study attempts to describe the prevalence of substance use (focused on tobacco and alcohol) and its determinants among male slum adolescents. A community based cross sectional study was carried out among 125 adolescents (aged 15-19 years) selected via systematic random sampling at Sarai Basti slum area of South Delhi for a period of 3 months from February 2012 to May 2012. Verbal informed consent was obtained from the study subjects before the conduction of the study.



  • Methodology : Not Available
  • Findings : The prevalence of tobacco use was 17.6% (prevalence of tobacco use was 38.8% and prevalence of alcohol use was 20%) among male slum adolescents. Average age of initiation of tobacco and alcohol product use was 14.8 and 16.4 years respectively. There were age-gradient increases in substance use (P< 0.001). There was significant association between substance use by any family member (P<0.002), education status of parents and substance use by respondents. Peer pressure was the main inducing factor for initiation (88.9 percent).




  • Recommendations : Dissemination of clear, unambiguous message that substance abuse is dangerous for health, and school based education programmes concerning substance use should begin at an early age to develop personal and social skills, before a significant proportion of adolescents begin to leave school.

    Community-based health education programmes, targeting community leaders and parents, need to be developed to counter the high level of tolerance towards adolescent tobacco consumption and drinking in slum communities.



To determine the prevalence and various determinants of substance abuse among male slum adolescents and suggest research based preventive measures at the community level.