Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Diabetic Patients in Nagpur
- Yogesh Pande
- Agency : Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice.
- Objective : The objective of this study was: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of Diabetic patients, attending OPD in Nagpur, Government Hospital.
- Background : A study was carried
out in Nagpur district of Maharashtra to evaluate the knowledge,
attitude and practice of diabetic patients
diagnosed within one year and ageing more than 30yrs attending Government
- Methodology : In this
cross-sectional study 150 diabetic patients were selected by non
probability convenient sampling from Government medical college OPD in Nagpur
District and interviewed. Using SPSS software, descriptive statistics were
applied to summarize the data and the data regarding the patient's knowledge,
attitude and practice towards diabetes.
- Findings : Not Available
ResultOut of 150 individuals 98% of the whole population reported that they knew that sugar level rises in diabetes & 2% were unaware.65% of subjects knew that prevalence of diabetes was increasing 29.3% there is no increase and 5.3% do not knew. Only 24% of population was able to tell correct level of Random blood sugar level and 54%not aware. Only 5% people told all the asked symptoms of diabetes 19% knew increased frequency of urine, 47% knew slow healing of wounds, 23% knew increased thirst and hunger. Knowledge of the role of obesity & physical inactivity in producing diabetes was very low only 11% said knew that family history, 12% obesity, 10% physical inactivity & 56% knew consumption of more sugar is responsible.52.6% subjects knew that it can cause complication, 38.6% was unaware &8.6% do not think it can cause complications. 81% subjects knew role of diet in controlling diabetes but only 65% modified their diet.89% knew that care of foot is required.78% knew lifestyle modification is one of factor in controlling diabetes. Only 43% were doing regular exercises and 57% do not do exercise.50% population described role of healthcare professional in creating awareness 20% told TV and 30% print media.
- Recommendations : Knowledge about
diabetes is a powerful predictor of the perceptions of people with
diabetes concerning and their illness and the quality of services they receive.
Significant numbers of patients, particularly, are poorly informed about key
elements of diabetes care and are not receiving appropriate or significant
education about it. Type 2 diabetes is a serious
disease, and tight glucose control reduces morbidity and mortality associated
with diabetes. However some patients have different heath beliefs and
perceptions of seriousness. The results of this study show that there is a need
for a change in the attitudes of patients.