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Homes for the Aged: A Short Study on Old Age Homes and Inmates in Jaipur

  • Rashi Dadhich
  • Agency : Old age homes, Inmates, Jaipur, Paid OAHs, Unpaid OAHs
  • Objective : The present study was undertaken with the overall objective of understanding the existing institutional facilities available for the care of the elderly and to obtain the perspectives of the elderly men and women living in old age homes and their satisfaction level regarding institutional living in Jaipur.

  • Background : With majority of Indian population aged less than 30, the problems and issues of its grey population have not been given serious consideration. Although institutional care for the destitute has always existed in India but, for the elderly especially, as an alternative living arrangement is a recent concept.

  • Methodology : Total 4 old age homes in Jaipur, were selected to obtain information on institutional facilities from the managers of these homes. A further 55 inmates were interviewed to obtain their perspectives.

  • Findings : Not Available


    All the selected OAHs have come in existence in last decade only and recently there has been an increase in number of paid OAHs in the city. Most of the surveyed homes are trust supported; their major source of funding is either through individual donors or by the trust that has established them. 50% of the homes surveyed do not charge anything for accommodation and other services from inmates while, remaining half require compulsory full payment from all inmates.
    The observations have revealed an important limiting feature of the old age homes surveyed pertaining to their criteria for admitting an elderly person. All of these institutions do not admit the elderly who have any diseases, those who are unable to take care of themselves or are not in good physical and mental health. Regarding the difficulties of managing such an institute is the inadequacy of funds for medical care and other service provision as well as in employing sufficient number of staff for care of the elderly.
    The background characteristics of the inmates reveal that about 21 percent of elderly men and 15% of elderly women had never married. The proportion of widows was much higher (63%) than widowers (36%). Also a large number of divorced/separated elderly men (32%) are there as compared to elderly women (11%). With regard to their familial background, it is interesting to note almost 35% of the elderly had lived alone prior to coming to the old home. Among them, more men (43%) than women (26%) had reported that they had lived alone. Their opinions regarding satisfactions and dissatisfactions with the various services indicates that the majority are satisfied with the services provided, while some have reported dissatisfaction with the quality of meal provided and medical facilities. A fairly large proportion of inmates from unpaid OAHs have consistently reserved their opinions, reflecting that they resigned to these circumstances. Almost fifty percent of the elderly had been living in a joint family before coming to the old age home, majority being from paid OAHs. In addition, about 27% have reported that they choose institutional arrangement due to familial conflict and a little less than 11 had chosen institutional living as they did not want to be a burden on family members. However, 60% would still prefer these OAHs to stay for the rest of their lives.

  • Recommendations : Not Available


    The results, therefore, suggest that the State should be prepared to meet the need for good institutional living arrangements for the elderly as the demand for such care is likely to rise in the future.  
The present study was undertaken with the overall objective of understanding the existing institutional facilities available for the care of the elderly