Homes for the Aged: A Short Study on Old Age Homes and Inmates in Jaipur
Agency : Old age homes, Inmates, Jaipur, Paid OAHs, Unpaid OAHs
Objective : The
present study was undertaken with the overallobjective of understanding
the existing institutional facilities available for the care of the elderly and
to obtain the perspectives of the elderly men and women living in old age homes
and their satisfaction level regarding institutional living in Jaipur.
Background : With majority of
Indian population aged less than30, the problems and issues of its grey
population have not been given serious consideration. Although institutional
care for the destitute has always existed in India but, for the elderly
especially, as an alternative living arrangement is a recent concept.
Methodology : Total
4 old age homes in Jaipur, were selected toobtain information on
institutional facilities from the managers of these homes. A further 55 inmates
were interviewed to obtain their perspectives.
Findings : Not Available
the selected OAHs have come in existence in lastdecade only and
recently there has been an increase in number of paid OAHs in the city. Most of
the surveyed homes are trust supported; their major source of funding is either
through individual donors or by the trust that has established them. 50% of the
homes surveyed do not charge anything for accommodation and other services from
inmates while, remaining half require compulsory full payment from all inmates.
observations have revealed an important limiting feature of the old age homes surveyed
pertaining to their criteria for admitting an elderly person. All of these
institutions do not admit the elderly who have any diseases, those who are
unable to take care of themselves or are not in good physical and mental
health. Regarding the difficulties of managing such an institute is the
inadequacy of funds for medical care and other service provision as well as in
employing sufficient number of staff for care of the elderly.
background characteristics of the inmates reveal that about 21 percent of
elderly men and 15% of elderly women had never married. The proportion of
widows was much higher (63%) than widowers (36%). Also a large number of
divorced/separated elderly men (32%) are there as compared to elderly women
(11%). With regard to
familial background, it is interesting to note almost 35% of the elderly had
lived alone prior to coming to the old home. Among them, more men (43%) than
women (26%) had reported that they had lived alone. Their opinions regarding
satisfactions and dissatisfactions with the various services indicates that the
majority are satisfied with the services provided, while some have reported
dissatisfaction with the quality of meal provided and medical facilities. A
fairly large proportion of inmates from unpaid OAHs have consistently reserved
their opinions, reflecting that they resigned to these circumstances.
fifty percent of the elderly had been living in a joint family before coming to
the old age home, majority being from paid OAHs. In addition, about 27% have
reported that they choose institutional arrangement due to familial conflict
and a little less than 11 had chosen institutional living as they did not want
to be a burden on family members. However, 60% would still prefer these OAHs to
stay for the rest of their lives.
Recommendations : Not Available
The results, therefore, suggest that the State
should beprepared to meet the need for good institutional living
arrangements for the elderly as the demand for such care is likely to rise in
The present study was undertaken with the overall objective of understanding the existing institutional facilities available for the care of the elderly