Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Malnutrition in Uttar Pradesh
Agency : Under weight, Malnutrition, Standard of Living Index, Socio-Economic Determinants
Objective : The present study
"Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Malnutrition" done over a
period of 3 months (1st February - 30th April 2012) intends to
Socio-Economic Determinants of Malnutrition among children of age 12-23 months.
Study the association of those socio-economic
determinants on malnutrition, among children of age 12-23 months.
Background : Despite
the considerable expansion and additionalinvestments made after 2005,
progress in alleviating the problem of malnutrition in children has been slow
and uneven. The levels of under-nutrition continue to remain unacceptably high
and the rates of reduction in under nutrition over time are disappointingly
low. But it is evident that without properly identifying the determinants of
Child Malnutrition, applying interventions may not prove to be much effective.
Methodology : The
study used the primary data of The IntegratedNutrition and Health
Project-III, 2009-10 with reference to mothers of children (age 12-23 months)
from Uttar Pradesh. It utilized Descriptive Cross-Sectional Research Design.
Data of this study have been analyzed using SPSS-13. Descriptive statistics are
used to assess the effect of socio-economic factors on child malnutrition.
Findings : The findings of this
study reveal that more than half(56%) of the children in the state of
Uttar Pradesh were malnourished and still half of these malnourished children
were severely malnourished. It was found that factors like increased number of
earning members in the house, more age interval between that children, improved
standard of living, exclusive breast feeding at least up to 6 months of age and
initiation of complementary feeding by the age of 6-7 months has negative
association with the child malnutrition i.e., increase in these factors lead to
decrease in the malnutrition among children of 12-23 months age, However,
factors like schedule caste and childhood illness have positive association
with malnutrition, meaning, thereby that an increase in these factors increases
malnutrition among children.
Recommendations : Improve
ICDS services increase number ofAnganwari centres and proper
The present study "Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Malnutrition" done over a period of 3 months (1st February - 30th April 2012) intends to